At-Taftaazaaniyy’s basic belief regarding Allaah, the Creator

At-Taftaazaaniyy states: “The belief of Ahlu-s-Sunnah is that the world has a beginning, and that the Creator is beginninglessly eternal, attributed with beginninglessly eternal attributes that are not Him himself, nor other than Him1. Moreover, He is One, He has no like or opposite, or equal. He has no end, or shape, or limit. He is not in something, and nothing begins to exist in Him (i.e. He does not change) and it is invalid (i.e. intrinsically impossible) that He could move, or be transported, or be ignorant, or lie, or have a defect. In addition, He is seen in the Hereafter, but He is not in a space, or in a direction. Whatever He has willed will be, and what He has not willed will not be. He does not need anything, and He has no obligations.”2

1 I.e. it is impossible in the mind’s eye that they could be separated from Him – because they are eternally attributes of His, and what is eternal cannot change.

2 SaˆdudDiin Al-Taftaazaaniy (712-793AH/ 1312-1390 AD), Sħarĥu-l-Maqaaşid Fiy ˆIlmi-l-Kalaam, 2/514.

شرح المقاصد فى علم الكلام ، 2 / 514

وطريقة أهل السنة أن العالم حادث والصانع قديم متصف بصفات قديمة ليست عينه ولا غيره وواحد لا شبه له ولا ضد ولا ند ولا نهاية له ولا صورة ولا حد ولا يحل في شيء ولا يقوم به حادث ولا يصح عليه الحركة والانتقال ولا الجهل ولا الكذب ولا النقص وأنه يرى في الآخرة وليس في حيز ولا جهة ما شاء كان ومالم يشأ لم يكن لا يحتاج إلى شيء ولا يجب عليه شيء

شرح المقاصد في علم الكلام ، اسم المؤلف: سعد الدين مسعود بن عمر بن عبد الله التفتازاني الوفاة: 791هـ ، دار النشر : دار المعارف النعمانية – باكستان – 1401هـ – 1981م ، الطبعة : الأولى

4 Responses to At-Taftaazaaniyy’s basic belief regarding Allaah, the Creator

  1. tru_Qur'an says:

    As salamu ‘alaykum Shaykh,

    For the record, who is Imam At-Taftaazaaniyy [RH] ?

  2. Waˆalaykumussalaam,

    He was an important scholar of logic, fiqh methodology, kalam, linguistics and rhetoric in the 8th century. His book al-Maqaaşid, quoted above is a very large work of kalaam that is meant for scholars.

  3. Maymûnah says:

    As-salamu ‘alaykum.

    Imam Taftazani said : ” attributed with beginninglessly eternal attributes THAT ARE NOT HIM HIMSELF ”

    Can you explain this passage ? I’m not understand.

    • It means that Allaah Himself is not an attribute, so we can’t say, for example, “Allaah is power,” or “Allaah is knowledge,” or the like. Rather, we say, “Allaah has power,” and “has knowledge,” and so on.

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