Ibn Taymiyyah denies Tajsiim?

Ibn Taymiyyah says:

الأحد والصمد لم يذكرهما الله إلا في هذه السورة وهما ينفيان عن الله ما هو متنزه عنه من التشبيه والتمثيل ومن التركيب والانقسام والتجسيم فإن اسمه الأحد ينفي المثل والنظير (بيان تلبيس الجهمية في تأسيس بدعهم الكلامية – 4 / 61)

Al-Aĥad and Aş-Şamad (are two names that) Aļļaah did not mention except in this Suurah, and they negate from Aļļaah what does not befit Him in terms of likeness and resemblance and composition and separation and being a body (tajsiim), for verily His name Al-Aĥad negates a like or something similar. (Bayaan Talbiis Al-Jahmiyyah, 4 / 61)

Wait a minute, did not Ibn Taymiyyah say that Aļļaah has borders in all six direction and that He has a size, and a bucket might bump into Him? So how come he is saying now that He is not a body!? Well, he is beating around the bush as usual. He says in another place:

وَالْمَقْصُودُ هُنَا : أَنَّ مَا جَاءَ بِهِ الرَّسُولُ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لَا يُدْفَعُ بِالْأَلْفَاظِ الْمُجْمَلَةِ كَلَفْظِ التَّجْسِيمِ وَغَيْرِهِ مِمَّا قَدْ يَتَضَمَّنُ مَعْنًى بَاطِلًا وَالنَّافِي لَهُ يَنْفِي الْحَقَّ وَالْبَاطِلَ . (مجموع الفتاوى , 5 / 433)

And the purpose is to say that whatever the Messenger (صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) brought is not denied by vague utterances such as jism (body) and others that may have meanings that are invalid, while the one how denies them, denies both what is true and what is false. (Majmuuˆu-l-Fataawaa, 5/433)

The meaning of jism that Ibn Tayimiyyah denies then, is that of actual composition and actual separation of parts. What he does not deny is size, shape and taking on different shapes. We already showed the latter in our article on his bucket theology, which also shows his belief that Aļļaah is something very, very big in size. Here is another explanation of his about this idea, in which he says:

قَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي حَاتِمٍ فِي " تَفْسِيرِهِ " : حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو زُرْعَةَ ثَنَا مِنْجَابُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ ثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ عِمَارَةَ عَنْ أَبِي رَوْقٍ عَنْ عَطِيَّةَ العوفي عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الخدري رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ { عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي قَوْلِهِ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى : { لَا تُدْرِكُهُ الْأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الْأَبْصَارَ } قَالَ : لَوْ أَنَّ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنْسَ وَالشَّيَاطِينَ وَالْمَلَائِكَةَ ؛ مُنْذُ خُلِقُوا إلَى أَنْ فَنُوا صُفُّوا صَفًّا وَاحِدًا مَا أَحَاطُوا بِاَللَّهِ أَبَدًا } – فَمَنْ هَذِهِ عَظَمَتُهُ كَيْفَ يَحْصُرُهُ مَخْلُوقٌ مِنْ الْمَخْلُوقَاتِ سَمَاءٌ أَوْ غَيْرُ سَمَاءٍ ؟ حَتَّى يُقَالَ : إنَّهُ إذَا نَزَلَ إلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا صَارَ الْعَرْشُ فَوْقَهُ أَوْ يَصِيرُ شَيْءٌ مِنْ الْمَخْلُوقَاتِ يَحْصُرُهُ وَيُحِيطُ بِهِ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى . فَإِذَا قَالَ الْقَائِلُ : هُوَ قَادِرٌ عَلَى مَا يَشَاءُ ؛ قِيلَ : فَقُلْ : هُوَ قَادِرٌ عَلَى أَنْ يَنْزِلَ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى وَهُوَ فَوْقَ عَرْشِهِ وَإِذَا اسْتَدْلَلْت بِمُطْلَقِ الْقُدْرَةِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ مِنْ غَيْرِ تَمْيِيزٍ فَمَا كَانَ أَبْلَغُ فِي الْقُدْرَةِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ ؛ فَهُوَ أَوْلَى بِأَنْ يُوصَفَ بِهِ مِمَّا لَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ ؛ فَإِنَّ مَنْ تَوَهَّمَ الْعَظِيمَ الَّذِي لَا أَعْظَمَ مِنْهُ يَقْدِرُ عَلَى أَنْ يَصْغُرَ حَتَّى يُحِيطَ بِهِ مَخْلُوقُهُ الصَّغِيرُ وَجَعَلَ هَذَا مِنْ بَابِ الْقُدْرَةِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ ؛ فَقَوْلُهُ : إنَّهُ يَنْزِلُ مَعَ بَقَاءِ عَظَمَتِهِ وَعُلُوِّهِ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ ؛ أَبْلَغُ فِي الْقُدْرَةِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ وَهُوَ الَّذِي فِيهِ مُوَافَقَةُ الشَّرْعِ وَالْعَقْلِ . وَهَذَا كَمَا قَدْ يَقُولُهُ طَائِفَةٌ " مِنْهُمْ أَبُو طَالِبٍ الْمَكِّيُّ " قَالَ : إنْ شَاءَ وَسِعَهُ أَدْنَى شَيْءٍ وَإِنْ شَاءَ لَمْ يَسَعْهُ شَيْءٌ وَإِنْ أَرَادَ عَرَفَهُ كُلُّ شَيْءٍ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُرِدْ لَمْ يَعْرِفْهُ شَيْءٌ ؛ إنْ أَحَبَّ وُجِدَ عِنْدَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُحِبَّ لَمْ يُوجَدْ عِنْدَ شَيْءٍ وَقَدْ جَاوَزَ الْحَدَّ وَالْمِعْيَارَ وَسَبَقَ الْقِيلَ وَالْأَقْدَارَ ذُو صِفَاتٍ لَا تُحْصَى ؛ وَقَدْرٍ لَا يَتَنَاهَى ؛ لَيْسَ مَحْبُوسًا فِي صُورَةٍ وَلَا مَوْقُوفًا بِصِفَةِ وَلَا مَحْكُومًا عَلَيْهِ بِكَلِمِ وَلَا يَتَجَلَّى بِوَصْفِ مَرَّتَيْنِ وَلَا يَظْهَرُ فِي صُورَةٍ لِاثْنَيْنِ ؛ وَلَا يَرِدُ مِنْهُ بِمَعْنَى وَاحِدٍ كَلِمَتَانِ ؛ بَلْ لِكُلِّ تَجَلٍّ مِنْهُ صُورَةٌ وَلِكُلِّ عَبْدٍ عِنْدَ ظُهُورِهِ صِفَةٌ وَعَنْ كُلِّ نَظْرَةٍ كَلَامٌ ؛ وَبِكُلِّ كَلِمَةٍ إفْهَامٌ وَلَا نِهَايَةَ لِتَجَلِّيهِ ؛ وَلَا غَايَةَ لِأَوْصَافِهِ . قُلْت : أَبُو طَالِبٍ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ هُوَ وَأَصْحَابُهُ " السالمية " أَتْبَاعُ الشَّيْخِ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ بْنِ سَالِمٍ صَاحِبِ سَهْلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ التستري – لَهُمْ مِنْ الْمَعْرِفَةِ وَالْعِبَادَةِ وَالزُّهْدِ وَاتِّبَاعِ السُّنَّةِ وَالْجَمَاعَةِ فِي عَامَّةِ الْمَسَائِلِ الْمَشْهُورَةِ لِأَهْلِ السُّنَّةِ مَا هُمْ مَعْرُوفُونَ بِهِ وَهُمْ مُنْتَسِبُونَ إلَى إمَامَيْنِ عَظِيمَيْنِ فِي السُّنَّةِ : الْإِمَامِ أَحْمَد بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ التستري وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ تَفَقَّهَ عَلَى مَذْهَبِ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَنَس كَبَيْتِ الشَّيْخِ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ وَغَيْرِهِمْ وَفِيهِمْ مَنْ هُوَ عَلَى مَذْهَبِ الشَّافِعِيِّ . (مجموع الفتاوى , 5 / 483-482)

Ibn Abii Ĥaatim said in his tafsiir: “….. (the Prophet) said: ‘if the Jinn-, human-, devil- and angel- kind since they were created until they ended made a single row, they would not surround Aļļaah at all.’1

So the one who is that great, how could He be surrounded by something created, whether the Sky or something else so that it might be said that if He descended to the Sky of the World, the ˆArsħ became above Him and some of His creation surrounded Him?

Now, if someone said, “He does whatever he wills….” then it might be said, “say: ‘He is able to descend (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) while He is above His ˆArsħ.’” Moreover, if you seek evidence in His Power absolutely and His Greatness without distinguishing, then what is more indicative of power is what He is more deserving of being attributed with than otherwise. For verily, the one that imagines the very Great One who nothing is greater than Him (and) is able to make make Himself so small that He is surrounded by His small creation, and said ‘this is indicative of power and greatness….,’ His (the one imaging this Great One’s) saying ‘verily he descend while his greatness and aboveness over the ˆArsħ remain,’ is more indicative of power and greatness, and this is what agrees with Islamic Law and reason. This is what a group of people might say, such as Abuu Ţaalib Al-Makkiyy, he said, “If He wills He will be contained in the smallest of things, and if He wills, nothing can contain Him….”… I say: “Abuu Ţaalib, may Aļļaah have mercy upon him, he and his companions are the Saalimiyyah,… They have knowledge, worship asceticism and following of the Sunnah and the Jamaaˆah in the general matters that are famous among Sunnis…..

So all of this is not believing that Aļļaah is a body?

Ibn Taymiyyah likes to say that his opponents were influenced by Greek Philosophy. From the above, however, it is pretty clear that Ibn Taymiyyah himself was heavily influenced by Greek Mythology. Watching movies like “The Clash of the Titans” gives you a pretty good idea about what Ibn Taymiyyah believed.

1This is weak ĥadiitħ, but in any case, the fact that nothing can surround Aļļaah does not mean that He is big in size. The ĥadiitħ does not state in what sense they are not able to surround. Ibn Taymiyyah, however, quickly concluded that it is terms of size, because this is according to the principles of anthropomorphism.

8 Responses to Ibn Taymiyyah denies Tajsiim?

  1. Mutakallim says:

    The Clash of the Titans? Considering the recent influx of comic book characters onto the big screen, one might say that it seems Stan Lee developed his Galactus character based upon the creed of Ibn Taymiyah (ie. Giant planet eating alien).

  2. Muhammad Ahmad says:

    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), praised the Salaf by saying:
    خَيْرُ القُرُونِ قَرْنِى ثُمَّ الذين يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الذين يَلُُُُونَهُم. رَواهُ البخارىّ.
    Means: “The best of people [Muslims who live in Prophet Muhammad’s nation] are those who live in my first century, then the one that follows it [second century], then the one that follows it [third century].” So what is relayed from the Salaf scholars in that era, the Prophet praised them and we as Muslims take there knowledge on board in our lifetime, because there belief system is in total agreement with the Messenger of Allàh and all of his companions. The Khalaf are those who follow the Salaf in methodology and they lived after the first three centuries of the Hijrah era till the Day of Judgement. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) his great grandson was Zayn al^Abidiin ^Aliyy ibn al-Hussayn Ibn ^Aliyy ibn abi Talib. Imam Zayn al^Abidiin was among the best of Salaf, who earned the title of as-Sajjaad (i.e. the one who prays alot). The linguist and scholar of Hadith, Muhammad Murtada az-Zabidiyy, narrated by a continuous chain from himself back to Imam Zayn al^Abidiin, in his treatise called As-Sahhifah As-Sajjadiyyah said about Allàh:
    روى المحدثُ اللغوىُّ الإمامُ محمد مرتضَى الزَّبيدىُّ بالإسناد المتصل منه إلى الإمام زين العابدين أنّ زين العابدين رضى اللَّه عنه وهو من رءوس السَّلف والمعروف بالسَّجَّاد، قال في رسالته المشهورة بالصَّحيفة السَّجَّاديَّة : سُبحانك أنت اللَّه الذى لا يحويك مكان.
    Means: “Subhanaka [i.e. we declare that Allàh is clear of all non-befitting attributes]. You are Allàh, the One who is not confined to place.” Imam Zayn al^Abidiin also said:
    قال الإمام زينُ العابدين علىُّ بنُ الحسين : سُبحانك أنتَ اللَّه الذى لستَ بمحدود.
    Means: “Subhanaka [i.e. we declare that Allàh is clear of all non-befitting attributes]. You are Allàh, the One who is not within boundaries.”

    How do the Wahabies claim to follow the Salaf, when they misinterpreted the fundamental teachings of the Salaf and all their followers? Ahmad Ibn Taymiyah and Muhammad ibn ^Abdil-Wahhab were not alive during the Salaf era. Hence, take a look at the time era of the master minds that set out the framework that the Wahabies followed in belief:
    Ahmad Ibn Taymiyah (b.664 d.729AH, 1263/1328) came 429 years later after the Salaf period ended.
    Muhammad ibn ^Abdil-Wahhab (b.1117 d.1206AH, 1703/1792) came 906 years later after the Salaf period ended. Therefore, both were not alive in the first three century era after the immigration (Hijrah) of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him), from Mecca to al-Madinah.

    The traditional Islamic scholars, strongly warns the Muslim population and its youth from following the creed of Ahmad Ibn Taymiyah. Islamic history confirms that Ahmad Ibn Taymiyah was sentenced to prison by the order of the Islamic scholars at his time. This is because he went against the scholarly consensus of the four mainstream Islamic schools of jurisprudence in matters pertaining to essentials of beliefs and the details of the rules of the religion, he eventually died in prison.

  3. ibn ismail says:

    This is a natural outcome of the anthromorphic belief of Allah being a object of huge size, form and boundry in space, adjacent to the throne. It is more stupid to believe that God became limited by his own creation by being trapped above the throne, then to believe in a God transforming size & form and freely moving about mingling with creation.

    They claim that the descent of Allah is movement, but Allah still remains on the throne. So they believe that a part/quantity/area of the huge dhaat of their God extends down to the lowest sky moving about the earth in synchronising with movement of night. Which implies mixing with creation.

    It is the same people who on the other hand lied upon Allah by attributing Allah with a limit. They cry at those who refute them that it was necessary to prevent the mixing with creation.

    wa salaam

  4. uponsunnah says:

    im inot surprised to hear you jahmees calling ahlu sunnah as mujasimas,cuz yur for runners labeled the rightious salaf as such.
    calling people sunnah mujassima isnt something nrew., the great imams told us its a sign of a jahmi.

    Imaam Abu Haatim ar-Raazee (d. 277H) said: “A sign of the Jahmiyyah is that they call the Ahl us-Sunnah ‘Mushabbihah’ (Anthropomorphists).

    Abu Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (d. 449H) stated – about the distinguishing signs of Ahl ul-Bid’ah: “…naming them [i.e. Ahl us-Sunnah]with Hashawiyyah (Worthless People), Jahalah (the Ignorant), Dhaahiriyyah (Literalists) and Mushabbihah (Anthropomorphists)…”

    Alee bin al-Madeenee – the teacher of Imaam Bukhaaree – said: “When someone says so and so is an anthropomorphist (mushabbih) we come to know he is a Jahmee.

    • Ahlussunnah do not liken Allaah to His creation, so when someone accuses them of this, then this can easily be refuted, as it has been over and over again. These accusations you mention are from the Mu^tazilah. They are the Jahmiyyah that deny that Allaah has attributes of meaning, such as power and will. They deny that it is possible to see something that is not a body, so they claim that believing in the seeing of Allaah is impossible, and accuse those that affirm it of believing He is a body. But this is wrong, because we do not believe that seeing Allaah is like seeing a creation. Rather, our answer to them is that seeing Him is without Him being in a direction or at a distance or being something with a border, or mixed with creation. As Aţ-Ţaĥaawiyy said, “This is a detailed remembrance of the belief of the People of the Sunnah and (following) the Jamaaˆah…. Whoever attributed to Aļļaah an attribute that has a meaning among the meanings that apply to humans has committed blasphemy…. Aļļaah is clear of and above having limits, extremes, corners, limbs or instruments…. The six directions (up, down, front, back, left and right) do not contain Him unlike all created things…. We do not engross ourselves in (thinking about the reality of) Aļļaah.” He also said {in brackets} {The} people’s {seeing of Aļļaah} but not in the sense that created things are seen {is true for the People in Paradise.} This seeing is {without} any of the meanings of {surrounding} because Aļļaah is not something limited, and He is neither a whole nor a part. Seeing Aļļaah does not have these meanings {or} any meaning of {modality.} That is shape, size, place, distance, direction, light, color, darkness , reflection, contact, or facing. This is because anything seen in the ways negated above must be a creation, as they require attributes that have a certain specification out of many possibilities. For example, in what direction? At what distance? What kind of reflection? And so on. In other words, Aļļaah will create a special ability in the eyes of people in Paradise to see Him. This enables them to see Him without Him being in a place, at a distance, or having a form. Our position then, is that anything that exists can be seen, and that it is not necessary that something is facing you, or at a distance, or having borders, or be in a direction to be seen. These are prerequisites of seeing as created by Allaah for this life and for created things. They are not necessary in themselves, but restrictions that Allaah has created for seeing things in this life. Then we do not delve on the meaning of this seeing, because as Aţ-Ţaĥaawiyy says {in brackets} {This is as stated in the book of the One Who is Our Lord:
      وُجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ نَاضِرَةٌ إِلَى رَبِّهَا نَاظِرَةٌ
      Meaning: “Faces of shining beauty are seeing Aļļaah (without Him being in a place, at a distance or having a form) on that day.” (Al-Qiyaamah, 22-23)

      {Its explanation is what Aļļaah willed and knows. All that has been narrated to us of sound ĥadiitħs regarding this from the Messenger of Aļļaah (sall-Aļļaahu ˆalayhi wa sallam) is as he said, and the meaning is as he meant. We do not get into this with figurative explanations based on subjective opinion, and we do not imagine according to our whims. For indeed, no one is safe in his religion except the one that surrenders the meaning of what he does not know to Aļļaah and His Messenger (sall-Aļļaahu ˆalayhi wa sallam) and returns the knowledge of what is unclear to him to the one that knows it.} Just as an honest person returns a package that does not belong to him to the rightful owner.

      {No foot stays firmly in Islam except on the platform of surrender and submission} to Aļļaah, by accepting His orders and prohibitions, and by only attributing to Him attributes that surely befit Him. {So whoever sought to know what he has been prevented from knowing, and was not satisfied to leave it to the one who knows it; his search will restrain the sincerity of his belief in the Oneness of Aļļaah} for not surrendering this knowledge to Him {and the purity of his knowledge} for it will be mixed with confusion {and} also his {soundness of faith. So he will dangle between blasphemy and belief, declaring true and declaring false, affirming and denying}. He will be {obsessed with anxieties and lost. Doubting} always, he will {not} be {believing fully and not stubbornly denying.}

      {Belief in the seeing} of Aļļaah without Him being in a place, direction or at a distance {for the people in Paradise is not sound if one considers it to be according to ideas that enter the heart} for such ideas of seeing, will be seeing of what has modality. That is, involving rays, distance, direction and so on. It is incorrect then, if one considers the seeing in this way, {or interprets it according to what agrees with one’s understanding}, and not according to what is established by the Qur’aan, ĥadiitħs, or what sound reason tells us absolutely must be true (such as 1+1=2). {This is because interpretation of this seeing, or any meaning that is ascribed to godhood is done by abandoning interpretation, and adhering to unreserved submission} to the truthfulness of such meanings, even if one does not understand them. {This is the religion of the Muslims. Whoever does not guard himself from denial} of meanings ascribed to Aļļaah {or likening} them to the meanings that are ascribed to created things {will deviate, and will not be declaring Aļļaah clear of imperfection. For verily the One Who is Our Lord – He is great and glorious- is attributed with attributes of} absolute {Oneness and ascribed to Him are attributes of} absolute {Uniqueness} in the sense that no one else has these attributes. {No creation has} attributes with the meaning of {His attributes.}

      Although the words used to refer to Aļļaah’s attributes may be the same as the words used to refer to attributes of creation, the meaning of these words are completely different. For example, the meaning of the statement “Aļļaah sees”, must be understood to have no resemblance in meaning with “creation so and so sees.” This is because all aspects and all senses of the attributes of creation have a beginning and are therefore created. This is obvious, as these attributes did not exist eternally, but came into existence at some point in time. Aļļaah’s attributes, however, do not have any beginning in any sense at all; they are eternal without a beginning or an end.

      You people, on the other hand, do believe Allaah is something with borders at a distance and in a direction to be pointed at, so you really are mujassimah and mushabbihah, and you can’t escape from this by pretending that you are Ahlu-s-Sunnah. So if someone accuses Sunnis of being being mujassimah, and this is not true of them, this does not mean it does not apply to you, because you are not Sunnis.

  5. Irfan Albanian Zejnullahu says:

    Sunni Scholars that Refuted “Ibn Taimiah” al-Harrani

    Bismillah,
    praise be to Allah, and we ask Allah to raise the rank of our beloved Prophet Muhammad, his kind Aal and companions, ameen.

    Know that, although Ibn Taymiyah had many writings and a fame, he is as the Muhaddith, Hafiz, Faqih, Waliyy-ud-Din al-^Iraqiyy, the son of the Shaykh of Huffaz, Zayn-ud-Din al-^Iraqiyy, in his book “al-‘Ajwibat-ul-Mardiyyah” said about him: His knowledge is bigger than his mind. He also said: He infringed the Ijma^ in many issues, which was said to be sixty issues, some of which are in the Usul and others in the Furu^ [Al-‘Usul is ^Ilm-ut-Tawhid, the Science of the belief in Allah and His Messenger. Al-Furu^ deals with the Islamic matters other than those of belief (Usul), such as Salah, Siyam, and dealings.] After the Ijma^ has settled upon those issues, he violated it. Some lay people and others followed him in this violation. The scholars of his time hastened to refute him and charged him of bringing bid^ah [Bid^ah is innovation; something which is new some of which are Islamically acceptable and others are rejected. Here it refers to the prohibited innovation.] Among those was Imam, Hafiz, Taqiyy-ud-Din ^Aliyy Ibn ^Abd-il-Kafi as-Subkiyy. In “ad-Durrat-ul-Mudiyyah”, he said what means: Ibn Taymiyah innovated the foul things in the Usul of belief and infringed the foundations of al-‘Islam, after he was covering himself with following the Book (the Qur’an) and Sunnah, showing outwardly that he is a caller to truth and a guide to the Jannah. Consequently, he deviated from following the Book and Sunnah to innovation, and deviated from the Jama^ah of the Muslims [The Jama^ah is the Muslim group following the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, and his Sahabah. The full name is Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jama^ah. It constitutes the majority of the Muslims.] by infringing the Ijma^. He said what leads to the jismiyyah and composition in the Holy Self of Allah and that it is not impossible that Allah needs a part. He said that the Self of Allah contains hawadith (events, creations), that the Qur’an is muhdath (created) and Allah spoke it after it was not, that Allah speaks and stops speaking, and that wills happen in Him according to the creations. He transgressed to say that the world did not have a beginning. He adhered to his saying that there is no beginning for the creations, thereby saying of the existence of hawadith [Al-Hawadith, the plural of al-hadith, is a creation, i.e., something the existence of which started at some point in time and it may be annihilated any time later. Al-Jannah (Paradise) and Jahannam (Hellfire), two creations of Allah, will never be annihilated because Allah has willed that for them.] without a beginning. Hence, he confirmed that the eternal attribute (of Allah) is created and the created hadith is eternal. No one has ever said both sayings in any religion. He was not among the seventy-three groups into which the Muslim Ummah was divided. In spite of all of this being horrible kufr (blasphemy), it is little compared to what he innovated in the Furu^.

    Hafiz Abu Sa^id al-^Ala’iyy, the Shaykh of Hafiz al-^Iraqiyy, mentioned many of these issues. This was reported by Muhaddith, Hafiz, and historian Shams-ud-Din Ibn Tulun in “Thakha’ir-ul-Qasr”. Among what was reported about Ibn Taymiyah, is his saying that Allah is the site of creations, that the world is eternal by kind and it always has been created with Allah, and some of which his saying of the jismiyyah, direction, and movement (of Allah). Ibn Taymiyah wrote a juz’ (section) that Allah’s knowledge does not pertain to what does not end, like the enjoyment of the people of Jannah, and that Allah does not know everything about the finite, that our prophet Muhammad, ^alayh-is-salam, has no jah (status) and whoever performs tawassul by him is wrong. He wrote many papers about that. He said exaggeratedly that starting a trip to visit our prophet is a sin which invalidates shortening the Salah in it. Before Ibn Taymiyah, no Muslim had said what he said. He said that the torture of the people of Hell stops and does not last forever. He was ordered to repent many times, but he broke his promises and agreements every time until he was imprisoned as per the fatwa of the Four Judges [The full text of this fatwa will be mentioned, by the will of Allah, at the end of the book.]one of whom was a Shafi^iyy, the second Malikiyy, the third Hanafiyy, and the fourth Hanbaliyy [A mathhab is a framework inferred by a mujtahid from the Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma^, and Qiyas, by which he deduces the judgements on the practical matters of al-‘Islam such as the Taharah, Salah, Zakah, Siyam, and Hajj. The Sunniyy mathahib which are available today are four: The Hanafiyy Mathhab, the Malikiyy Mathhab, the Shafi^iyy Mathhab, and the Hanbaliyy Mathhab. The respective founders of those mathahib are: Imam Abu Hanifah (80-150 A.H.), Imam Malik (93-179 A.H.), Imam ash-Shafi^iyy (150-204 A.H.), and Imam Ibn Hanbal (164-241 A.H.)] They passed the ruling that he was a straying man, against whom it is obligatory to warn, as was said in “^Uyun-ut-Tarikh” by Salah-ud-Din as-Safadiyy, who was a student of Ibn Taymiyah and of Taqiyy as-Subkiyy. King Muhammad Ibn Qalawun issued a decree to be read on the manabir [Manabir is the plural of minbar which is a podium, an elevated platform for a speaker or the like.] in Egypt and ash-Sham (area including Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Palestine) to warn people against him and his followers.

    Ath-Thahabiyy, a contemporary of Ibn Taymiyah, had praised him first. However, when his case was exposed to him, he said in his treatise, “Bayanu Zaghal-il-^Ilm wat-Talab”, page 17: By Allah, my eye has not fallen on a person who was more knowledgeable or more intelligent than a man called Ibn Taymiyah. He showed zuhd (disinterest) in food, clothing, and women. He supported the truth and performed Jihad (fighting non-Muslims for the sake of Allah) with every possible means. I got tired in weighing and digging him out. I got bored with that for long years. I found that as a result of his arrogance, self deceipt, excessive love to be the head of the scholars, and disdain with great people, he was falling behind the people of Egypt and ash-Sham; they hated him, degraded him, and charged him with lying and kufr. Look at the consequence of claim and love of appearance. We ask Allah for forgiveness. There are some people who are not more pious, knowledgeable, or zahid (careless about mundane matters) than he is. However, they overlook the sins of their friends. Allah did not empower those people over Ibn Taymiyah by their piety and greatness, but by his sins. What Allah warded off him and his followers is more; they only got some of what they deserve. Have no doubt about it. This treatise is confirmed about ath-Thahabiyy, because Hafiz as-Sakhawiyy reported this statement about him in his book “al-‘I^lam bit-Tawbikh” on page 77.

    Below is a list of the great prominent Sunni scholars that refuted Ibn Taymiah, along with their book names: (We listed it in Arabic since most of these books are only in Arabic) ——————————————————————
    ذِكر بعض العلماء والفقهاء والقضاة الذين ناظروا ابن تيمية أو ردوا عليه وذكروا معايبه ممن عاصروه أو جاءوا بعده

    الحمد لله رب العالمين، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا وقدوتنا محمد الأمين وبعد قال الله وتعالى: (ولتكن منكم أمة يدعون إلى الخير ويأمرون بالمعروف وينهون عن المنكر). وروى الإمام أحمد من طريق اسماعيل بن أبي خالد عن قيس بن أبي حازم قال: قام أبو بكر رضي الله عنه فحمد الله وأثنى عليه ثم قال: يا أيها الناس أنكم تقرءون هذه الآية: (يا أيها الذين ءامنوا عليكم أنفسَكم لا يضركم من ضل إذا اهتديتم) وإنّـا سمعنا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: “إن الناس إذا رأوا المنكر فلم يغيروه أوشك أن يعمهم الله بعقابه”. فلهذا وجب التحذير من أهل البدع والضلال الذين انحرفوا عن جمهور الأمة الإسلامية. ومن هؤلاء ابن تيمية الحراني. وقد رد عليه عدد كبير من علماء أهل السنة وبينوا انحرافه.

    يلي ذكر أسماء بعض من ناظر ابن تيمية المتوفى سنة 728 ص أو ردّ عليه من المعاصرين له والمتأخرين عنه من شافعية وحنفية ومالكية وحنابلة، ونذكر رسائلهم وكتبهم التي ردوا عليه فيها فمنهم:

    1- القاضي المفسر بدر الدين محمّد بن إبراهيم بن جماعة الشافعي المتوفى سنة 733هـ . 2- القاضي محمّد بن الحريري الأنصاري الحنفي. 3- القاضي محمّد بن أبي بكر المالكي. 4- القاضي أحمد بن عمر المقدسي الحنبلي. وقد حبس بفتوى موقعة منهم سنة 726 هـ . أنظر عيون التواريخ للكتبي، ونجم المهتدي لابن المعلّم القرشي.

    5- الشيخ صالح بن عبد الله البطائحي شيخ المنيبيع الرفاعي نزيل دمشق المتوفى سنة 707هـ. أحد من قام على ابن تيمية ورد عليه، (أنظر روضة الناظرين وخلاصة مناقب الصالحين لأحمد الوتري”. وقد ترجمه الحافظ ابن حجر في الدرر الكامنة. 6- عصريه الشيخ كمال الدين محمد بن أبي الحسن علي السراج الرفاعي القرشي الشافعي. تفاح الأرواح وفتاح الأرباح. 7- قاضي القضاة بالديار المصرية أحمد بن إبراهيم السروجي الحنفي المتوفى سنة 710 هـ . اعتراضات على ابن تيمية في علم الكلام. 8- قاضي قضاة المالكية علي بن مخلوف بمصر المتوفى سنة 718 هـ. كان يقول: ابن تيمية يقول بالتجسيم وعندنا من اعتقد هذا الاعتقاد كفر ووجب قتله. الشيخ الفقيه علي بن يعقوب البكري المتوفى سنة 724 هـ ، لما دخل ابن تيمية إلى مصر قام عليه وأنكر على ابن تيمية ما يقول. 10- الفقيه شمس الدين محمد بن عدلان الشافعي المتوفى سنة 749 هـ . كان يقول: إن ابن تيمية يقول: إن الله فوق العرش فوقية حقيقية، وان الله يتكلم بحرف وصوت. 11- الحافظ المجتهد تقي الدين السبكي المتوفى سنة 756 هـ . الاعتبار ببقاء الجنة والنار. الدرة المضية في الرد على ابن تيمية. شفاء السقام في زيارة خير الأنام. النظر المحقق في الحلف بالطلاق المعلق. نقد الاجتماع والافتراق في مسائل الأيمان والطلاق. التحقيق في مسألة التعليق. رفع الشقاق عن مسألة الطلاق. 12- ناظره المحدث المفسر الأصولي الفقيه محمّد بن عمر بن مكي المعروف بابن المرخل الشافعي المتوفى سنة 716. 13- قدح فيه الحافظ أبو سعيد صلاح الدين العلائي المتوفى سنة 761 هـ . * أنظر ذخائر القصر في تراجم نبلاء العصر لابن طولون (ص/ 32- 33). * أحاديث زيارة قبر النبي . 14- قاضي قضاة المدينة المنورة أبو عبد الله محمد بن مسلّم بن مالك ألصالحي الحنبلي المتوفى سنة 726 هـ . 15- معاصر ه الشيخ أحمد بن يجيى الكلابي الحلبي المعروف بابن جهبل المتوفى سنة 733 هـ . * رسالة في نفي الجهة. 16- القاضي كمال الدين بن الزملكاني ألمتوفي سنة 727 هـ . * ناظره وردّ عليه برسالتين، واحدة في مسئلة الطلاق الأخرى في مسئلة ا لزيا رة. 17- ناظره القاضي صفي الدين الهندي المتوفى سنة 715 هـ . 18- الفقيه المحدّث علي بن محمّد الباجي الشافعي المتوفى سنة 714 هـ ناظره في أربعة عشر موضعا وأفحمه. 19- المؤرخ الفقيه المتكلم الفخر بن المعلّم القرشي المتوفى سنة 725 هـ- نجم المهتدي ررجم المعتدي. 20- الفقيه محمد بن علي بن علي المازني الدهان الدمشقي المتوفى سنة !! رسالة في الرد غلى ابن تيمية في مسألة الطلاق. رسالة في الرد على ابن تيمية في مسألة الزيارة. 21- الفقيه أبو القاسم أحمد بن محمد بن محمد الشيرازي المتوفى سنة 733 هـ رسالة في الرد على ابن تيمية. 22- رد عليه الفقيه المحدث جلال الدين محمد القزويني الشافعي المتوفى سنة 739 هـ 23- مرسوم السلطان ابن قلاوون المتوفى سنة 741 وو بحبسه. 24- معاصره الحافظ الذهبي المتوفى سنة 748 هـ * بيان زغل العلم والطلب. * النصيحة الذهبية. 25- المفسر أبو حيان الأندلسي المتوفى سنة 745 هـ * تفسير النهر الماد من البحر المحيط. 26- الشيخ عفيف الدين عبد الله بن أسعد اليافعي اليمني ثم المكي المتوفى سنة 768هـ. 27- الفقيه الرحالة ابن بطوطة المتوفى سنة 779هـ . رحلة ابن بطوطة. 28- الفقيه تاج الدين السبكي المتوفى سنة 771 هـ. * طبقات الشافعية الكبرى. 29- تلميذه المؤرخ ابن شاكر الكتبي المتوفى سنة 764 هـ * عيون التواريخ. 30- الشيخ عمر بن أبي اليمن اللخمي الفاكهي المالكي المتوفى سنة 734 هـ . * التحفة المختارة في الرد على منكر الزيارة. 31- القاضي محمد السعدي المصري الأخنائي المتوفى سنة755 هـ . * المقالة المرضية في الرد على من ينكر الزيارة المحمدية، طبعت ضمن “البراهين الساطعة” للعزامي. 32- الشيخ عيسى الزواوي المالكي المتوفى سنة 743 هـ. * رسالة في مسألة الطلاق. 33- الشيخ أحمد بن عثمان التركماني الجوزجاني الحنفي المتوفى سنة 744هـ . * الإبحاث الجلية في الرد على ابن تيمية. 34- الحافظ عبد الرحمن بن أحمد المعروف بابن رجب الحنبلي المتوفى سنة 795هـ . * بيان مشكل الأحاديث الواردة في أن الطلاق الثلاث واحدة. 35- الحافظ ابن حجر العسقلاني المتوفى سنة 852هـ . * الدرر الكامنة في أعيان المائة الثامنة. * لسان الميزان. * فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري. * الإشارة بطرق حديث الزيارة. 36- الحافظ ولي الدين العراقي المتوفى سنة 826 هـ. الأجوبة المرضية في الرد على الأسئلة المكية. 37 _ الفقيه المؤرخ ابن قاضي شهبة الشافعي المتوفى سنة 851 هـ. * تايخ ابن قاضي شهبة. 38- الفقيه أبو بكر الحصني المثوفى مشة 829 هـ. * دفع شبه من شبه وتمرد وننسب ذلك إلى الإمام أحمد. 39- رد عليه شيخ إفريقيا أبو عبد الله بن عرفة التونسي المالكي المتوفى سنة 853هـ . 45- العلأمة علاء الدين البخاري الحنفي المتوفى سنة 841 هـ ، كفره وكفر من سماه شيخ الإسلام أي من يقول عنه شيخ الإسلام مع علمه بمقالاته الكفرية، ذكر ذلك الحافظ السخاوي في الضوء اللامع. 41- الشيخ محمد بن أحمد حميد الدين الفرغاني الدمشقي الحنفي المتوفى سنة 867 هـ. * الرد على ابن تيمية في الاعتقادات. 42- ردّ عليه الشيخ أحمد زروق الفاسي المالكي س المتوفى سنة 899هـ . * شرح حزب البحر. 43- الحافظ السخاوي المتوفى سنة 902 هـ . *الإعلان بالتوبيخ لمن ذمّ التاريخ. 44- أحمد بن محمد المعروف بابن عبد السلام المصري المتوفى سنة 931 هـ. * القول الناصر في رد خباط علي بن ناصر. 45- ذمه العالم أحمد بن محمد الخوارزمي الدمشقي المعروف بابن قرا المتوفى سنة 968 هـ. 46- القاضي البياضي الحنفي المتوفى سنة 1098 هـ. * إشارات المرام من عبارات الإمام. 47- الشيخ أحمد بن محمّد الوتري المتوفى سنة 980 هـ . * روضة الناظرين وخلاصة مناقب الصالحين. 48- الشيخ ابن حجر الهيتمي المتودى سنة 974هـ . * الفتاوى الحديثية. ” الجوهر المنظم في زيارة القبر المعظم. حاشية الإيضاح في المناسك. 49- الشيخ جلال الدين الدواني المتوفى سنة 928 هـ * شرح العضدية. 50- الشيخ عبد النافع بن محمّد بن علي بن عراق الدمشقي المتوفى سنة 926 هـ * أنظر ذخائر القصر في تراجم نبلاء العصر لابن طولون (ص/ 32- 33). 51- القاضي أبو عبد الله المقرى. * نظم اللالي في سلوك الأمالي. 52- ملا علي القاري الحنفي المتوفى سنة 014 ا هـ. * شرح الشفا للقاضي عياض. 53- الشيخ عبد الرءوف المناوي الشافعي المتوفى سنة 531 ا هـ * شرح الشمائل للترمذي. 54- المحذث محمّد بن علي بن علان الصديقي المكي المتوفى سنة 057 ا هـ. المبرد المبكي في رد الصارم المنكي. 55- الشيخ أحمد الخفاجي المصري الحنفي المتوفى سنة 9 1 0 ا هـ. شرح الشفا للقاضي عياض. 56- المؤرخ أحمد أبو العباس المقري المتوفى سنة 041 ا. أزهار الرياض. 57- الشيخ محمّد الزرقاني المالكي المتوفى سنة 122 ا هـ . * شرح المواهب اللدنية. 58- الشيخ عبد الغني النابلسي المتوفى سنة 43 ا اهـ * ذمه في أكثر من كتاب. 59- ذمه الفقيه الصوفي محمّد مهدي بن علي الصيادي الشهير بالرواس المتوفى سنة 1287 هـ. 60- السيد محمّد أبو الهدى الصيادي المتوفى سنة 1328 هـ. * قلادة الجواهر. 61- المفتي مصطفى بن أحمد الشطي الحنبلي الدمشقي المتوفى سنة 1348 هـ * النقول الشرعية. 62- محمود خطاب السبكي المتوفى سنة 1352 هـ * الدين الخالص أو إرشاد الخلق إلى دين الحق. 63- مفتي المدينة المنورة الشيخ المحدث محمد الخضر الشنقيطي المتوفى سئة 1353. * لزوم الطلاق الثلاث دفعه بما لا يستطيع العالم دفعه. 64- الشيخ سلامة العزامي الشافعي المتوفى سنة 1376 هـ * البراهين الساطعة في ردّ بعض البدع الشائعة. *مقالات في جريدة المسلم (المصرية). 65- مفتي الديار المصرية الشيخ محمد بخيت المطيعي المتوفى سنة 1354 هـ. * تطهير الفؤاد من دنس الاعتقاد. 66- وكيل المشيخة الإسلامية في دار الخلافة العثمانية الشيخ محمّد زاهد الكوثري المتوفى سنة 1371 هـ * كتاب مقالات الكوثري. *التعقب الحثيث لما ينفيه ابن تيمية من الحديث. * البحوث الوفية في مفردات ابن تيمية. * الإشفاق على أحكام الطلاق. 67- إبراهيم بن عثمان السمنودي المصري، من أهل هذا العصر. *نصرة الإمام السبكي برد الصارم المنكي. 68- عالم مكة محمد العربي التبّان المتوفى سنة 1395هـ . * براءة الأشعريين من عقائد المخالفين. 69- الشيخ محمّد يوسف البنوري الباكستاني. * معارف السنن شرح سنن الترمذي. 70- الشيخ منصور محمّد عويس ، من أهل هذا العصر. * ابن تيمية ليس سلفيا. 71- الحافظ الشيخ أحمد بن الصديق الغماري المغربي المتوفى سنة 1380 هـ * هداية الصغراء. * القول الجلي. 72- الشيخ المحدث عبد الله الغماري المغربي المتوفى سنة 1314 هـ . * إتقان الصنعة في تحقيق معنى البدعة. * الصبح السافر في تحقيق صلاة المسافر. * الرسائل الغمارية، وغيرها من الكتب. 73- المسند أبو الأشبال صالم بن جندان الأندونيسي. * الخلاصة الكافية في الأسانيد العالية. 74- حمد الله البراجوي عالم سهارنبور.- * البصائر لمنكري التوسل بأهل القبور. 75- وقد كقره الشيخ مصطفى أبو سيف الحمامي في كتابه غوث العباد ببيان ا لرشا د. وقرّظه له جماعة وهم الشيخ محمّد سعيد العرفي، والشيخ يوسف الدجوي، والشيخ محمود أبو دقيقة، والشيخ محمّد البحيري، والشيخ محمّد عبد الفتاح عناتي، والشيخ حبيب الله الجكني الشنقيطي، والشيخ دسوقي عبد الله العربي، والشيخ محمّد حفني بلال. 76- رد عليه أيضا محمد بن عيسى بن بدران السعدي المصري. 77- السيد الشيخ الفقيه علوي بن ظاهر الحداد الحضرمي. 78- مختار بن أحمد المؤيد العظمي المتوفى سنة 1340 هـ *جلاء الأوهام عن مذاهب الأئمة العظام والتوسل بجاه خير الأنام عليه الصلاة والسلام، رد فيه على كتاب “رفع الملام ” لابن تيمية. 79- الشيخ إسماعيل الأزهري. * مرءاة النجدية.

    80- الشيخ سراج الدين عباس الأندونيسي المتوفى سنة 1403 هـ. له كتب في العقيدة حذر فيها من عقائد ابن تيمية.

    فانظر أيها الطالب للحق وتمعن بعد ذلك، كيف يلتفت إلى رجل تكلم فيه كل هؤلاء العلماء ليبينوا حقيقته للناس ليحذروا منه، فهل يكون بيان الحق شيئا يعترض عليه، سبحانك هذا بهتان عظيم.
    ——————————————————————
    These scholars warned form him due to his deviations especially in Aqeedah beliefs. He attributes to Allah the body and the sitting.

    Ibn Taymiyah’s saying of Allah sitting is confirmed about him, although some of his followers negated this when they found it ugly. He mentioned this in his book “Minhaj-us-Sunnat-in-Nabawiyyah” by sayings: The majority of Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jama^ah say that Allah, tabaraka wa ta^ala, [Tabaraka wa ta^ala attributes the giving and perfection to Allah.] descends and al-^Arsh does not get void of Him. He claimed that this was reported about Ishaq Ibn Rahawayh, Hammad Ibn Zayd, Imam Ahmad, and others. He is a fabricator and great lier about that.

    In his Tafsir named “an-Nahr”, the Grammarian Abu Hayyan al-‘Andalusiyy reported about Ibn Taymiyah having this belief. He said: In his handwriting, a book of Ahmad Ibn Taymiyah, who was contemporary with us, which he called “Kitab-ul-^Arsh”, I read: Allah sits on al-Kursiyy and has left a space for the Messenger of Allah to sit with Him. At-Taj Muhammad Ibn ^Aliyy Ibn ^Abd-il-Haqq al-Baranbariyy pretended that he is a promoter of his ideas and tricked him, until he took it from him; we read that in it. [The author of “Kashf-uz-Zunun” reported that about him also in Volume 2, page 1438.]

    This reporting of Abu Hayyan was omitted from the old printed copy. However, the manuscript confirms it. In his commentary on “as-Sayf-us-Saqil”, page 85, az-Zahid al-Kawthariyy said explaining the reason of omitting these statements of Ibn Taymiyah: The editor of as-Sa^adah Printing House told me that he found it very ugly and he omitted it upon printing so that the enemies of al-‘Islam would not use it. Then he requested that I record that here to catch up what he missed and out of sincerity to the Muslims. In “al-Muwafaqah”, page 29, Ibn Taymiyah said: Allah, ta^ala, has a hadd no one but Him knows it. One should not imagine that hadd for a purpose in himself, but believe it and leave knowing about it to Allah. His place has a hadd, which is on His ^Arsh above His skies. These are two limits. In the twenty-fifth volume of “al-Kawakib-ud-Darariyy”, which is in the Library of az-Zahiriyyah in Damascus, Ibn Taymiyah said: If Allah willed he would sit on a mosqito, which would carry Him by His power; how about on a large ^Arsh!

    Be warned from Ibn Taymiah, Ibn Baz, Ibn Uthaymeen, and all the wahhabis and their books as well as their websites.

  6. Ahmad-Qadri says:

    Salam Alaikum

    It is interesting to note that ibn abdul Wahhab only was engrossed in ibn taymiyya’s teachings and used to be annoyed to study the opinions of classical scholars of the madhahib.

    I guess it’s a disease of the heart to try to rebel and want to be “different”. The thing with being rebellious is that you can instantly be an “expert” and head straight to the top, since there is no one else like you.

    Had ibn taymiyya stuck to the classical madhahib, he would have faced much more competition. It’s no wonder that the clowns of najd boastfully and pretentiously say that he was well qualified to form a 5th madh’hab (forgetting that he missed the boat by roughly 4 centuries) but out of humility he stuck to the madh’hab of Imam Ahmad.

    A contemporary Sunni scholar when ibn abdul Wahab’s fitnah broke out, said words to the effect of: he (ibn taymiyya) was a dormant fitnah and ibn abdul Wahab woke him up.

    Maybe the sheikh can advise the name of this scholar.

  7. Abdullah says:

    Explanation of Hadith Nabawi and Refuting Wahhabis claims that Allah descends (comes down) every night from the Arsh to first sky.

    In the 6th Volume of Imam Nawawi’s explanation of Sahih Muslim he says: “The interpretation of Imam Malik and others, “Yanzilu Rabuna” means “His mercy, command, and Angels descend”

    Imam al-Qarafiyy, al-Iraqiyy, Ibn Hajar al-Haytamiyy in Minhaj al-Qaweem and Mullah Ali al-Qari al-Hanafiyy in Sharh al-Mishqaat said: Abu Hanifah, Malik, Ahmad, Shafi`iyy, al-Ashari and al-Baqilaniyy all made takfeer to the one who attributed to Allah a direction (place) or a bodily characteristic

    Those who take the hadith of the Prophet Yunzilu Rabuna literally to mean Allah comes down every night. It is said to them the same hadith is narrated by Imam Nasa`iyy in his book al-Amal al-Yawm wal-Layla that the Prophet explicitly said AN ANGEL DESCENDS and this is the meaning of the Hadith.

    The interpretation of Ahlus-Sunnah who clear Allah from occupying the place, the direction, and the boundary of the hadith is that the descent mentioned in this hadith means that the Angels of Mercy descend by the order of Allah to the lower sky according to the night time of every land. The Angels would say: Your Lord says: Is there any one who is making supplication so that I will answer his supplication? Is there anyone who is asking me for forgiveness so that I will forgive him? Is there any one who is asking for things so that I will give him?

    The Angels convey just what Allah ordered them to convey. This is the meaning of the hadith; this meaning is valid and it is intellectually acceptable.

    Imam al-Faqih al-Asfarayiniyy the well known Scholar of Tawhid said in his book At-tabsiru Fid-Deen The slave must know that anything which dictates creationism such as limits, extremes, place, direction, stillness and movement is impossible to apply to Allah, the One who is clear of all the attributes of the creations

    Imam Ahmad ar-Rifa`iyy said in his book Al-Burhan al-Mu`ayyad Do not sanction attributing to Allah a directional above or below, a location or a physical hand or an eye or interpreting the word Nuzul as a physically descending or ascending

    Al-Hafidth ibn al-Jawziyy al-Hambaliyy in his book Daf`u shubahtit-Tashbeeh said It is obligatory upon us to firmly believe that the Self of Allah is not confined to place nor attributed with change or moving

    Al-Hafidth an-Nawawiyy the well known Shafi`iyy Scholar said in his explanation on Sahih Muslim Verily Allah the Exalted, does not resemble any of the creations and is clear of bodily concepts, moving, occupying any direction and of all the creations characteristics

    Shaykh az-Zarqaniyy in his eclucidation to the book Muwatta of Imam Malik said Imam al-Baydawiyy said: since it is confirmed through irrefutable proofs that Allah is clear of notions of body and dwelling, it follows that it is impossible that Allah would be moving from one place to another lower place

    Al-Hafidth az-Zabidiyy said in his book Ithafus-Sadatil Muttaqin Allah, the Exalted is clear of changing from one state to another, moving from place to place and physical attachment and detachment, for they are all attributes of the creations

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